Southern Province of Sri Lanka

The Southern Province of Sri Lanka is a small geographic area consisting of the districts of Galle, Matara and Hambantota. Subsistence farming and fishing is the main source of income for the vast majority of the people of this region.

Southern Province - Photo Gallery

Hikkaduwa Coral Gardens
Hikkaduwa, a popular tourist destination in the Galle District is renowned for it's beach and the corals. The Coral Garden here is considered to be the best out of all such coral gardens found in Asia. There is a reef of lime stones running parallel to the coast. The corals are in between this line of lime stones and the coast. The sea up to about 200 m from the coast is very shallow. The reef of lime stones protects the corals from high tide. The coral type found mostly here is the type locally called "Gampara". These corals are found in various forms , shapes and colours. They are a very fascinating sight especially when there is bright sunlight which gives a very clearer view of the corals. You see some corals in the shape of a cabbage leaf; some are like a lady's fan. Since there is no silt, corals can grow in their natural form and colour.

Seenigama Temple
The Seenigama Temple, Galle is a popular name among the Galle Tourist Attractions. The Seenigama Temple, Galle is known as the Seenigama Devalaya in the colloquial Sinhalese. As is evident, Devalaya is the term for temple. The Seenigama Temple in Galle is situated on the coast of the sea, beyond the 96 km post on the Colombo Galle highway. Thought to be over a millennia old, the Galle Seenigama Temple is approximately 1300 ears old. However, there is no evidence to provide evidence to this speculation. Whatever historical records have been exhumed, structural evidence states that the Seenigama Temple is above 300 years old.

Madol Duwa
Madol Duwa is land becomes a famous place. Number of both foreign and local tourists visit Madol Duwa island today. It has become a famous tourist hub.
Based on Madol Duwa, Novel was published in 1947 by Martin Wickramasinghe, the Father of Sinhalese novel literature. Later in 1976, the novelist passed away, the novel was filmed by James Pieris, a leading Sri Lankan Film director, as a television drama, which succeeded commercially. The location, where the story occurs is Madol Duwa island and Koggala, where the author was born, in the southern part of Sri Lanka.

Weherahena ( Veherahena) is popular temple among the buddhist pilgrims. Although there is nothing of historical significance, the story of the temple is quite interesting. In addition, the temple is said be the largest and the first tunnel temple in the world.

Bundala Bird Sanctuary
The Bundala National Park is located about 250km south east of Colombo in the Hambantota District. Park covers the area of 6,216 ha in Arid Zone of Sri Lanka, the climate classified as hot and dry. Record of the mammals in Bundala is 32 species, including 1 endemic and 5 threatened species. You can see elephants, deer, sambur, fishing-cat, rusty-spotted-cat, mongoose, jackals, wild boar, black bear and water buffaloes. Most of them can be seen near the seasonal waterfalls frequently. The elephants some are residence and some are seasonal migratory herds from nearby sanctuaries. The complex system of wet land made it a paradise for birds. Total of 197 species of birds have been recorded in the park including 139 residence and 58 winter visitors. Among them 3 species are endemic and 10 species are nationally threatened. Wetland birds, forest birds, scrub land birds and grassland birds can be seen here. The lagoons, inter tidal mud-flats and slatterns provide ideal resting and feeding habitants for numerous species. Migrants arrive here in mid-August with the commencement of the harsh winter and continue to stay in Bundala until late April.

Sithulpawwa rock temple has a history of over 2200 years, located in the Hambantota district it is believed that this rock temple once housed a total of 12,000 Arhats.( monks that have achieved the highest mind level in Buddhism) Maha Sithulpauwa rock is 400 feet in height and it houses an intricate cave complex and the dagoba situated on top of the rock; the dagoba is believed to have been built by king Kawantissa.

Kataragama Sri Lanaka, Sri Lanka.
Kataragama a popular pilgrimage destination frequented by adherents of all religions in Sri Lanka. The main shrine devoted to Skanda popularly described in eulogies as God having six faces and twelve arms whose assistance is sought for worldly gain. The history of the shrine dates back to 2 century BC. The annual procession held in July or August is the main event of the shrine with fire walkers and Kawadi dancers. Offering to the got are made at 4.30am 10.30am and 6.30pm daily.

Adam’s Peak, Sri Lanka
Jutting sharply skyward from the lush jungles of southwestern Sri Lanka is the 7362 foot (2243 meter) peak of Sri Pada, the 'Holy Footprint'. Also called Adam's Peak, the mountain has the unique distinction of being sacred to the followers of four of the world's major religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. Long before the development of these religions, however, the mountain was worshipped by the aboriginal inhabitants of Sri Lanka, the Veddas. Their name for the peak was Samanala Kanda; Saman being one of the four guardian deities of the island. For Hindus, the name of the mountain is Sivan Adi Padham, because it was the world-creative dance of the god Shiva that left the giant footprint (5 feet 7 inches by 2 feet 6 inches). According to Buddhist traditions from as early as 300 BC, the real print is actually beneath this larger marking. Imprinted on a huge sapphire, it was left by the Buddha during the third and final of his legendary visits to Sri Lanka. When Portuguese Christians came to the island in the 16th century they claimed the impression to be the footprint of St. Thomas who, according to legend, first brought Christianity to Sri Lanka. And finally, the Arabs record it as being the solitary footprint of Adam where he stood for a thousand years of penance on one foot. An Arab tradition tells that when Adam was expelled from heaven, God put him on the peak to make the shock less terrible - Ceylon being that place on earth closest to and most like heaven.

Ratnapura, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
Ratnapura meaning City Gems in Sinhalese, the main source of precious and semiprecious stones (including rubies, sapphires, and cat’s-eyes) mined in the valleys by River Kalu Ganga that flows through the district, is located 103 m from Colombo in the Sabaragamuwa district of wet Zone of Sri Lanka.

Beruwala Lighthouse
The Beruwala Lighthouse is to this day still very much in excellent condition with a dedicated crew taking care of it. Built by the British in 1928, it stands a majestic 110 feet tall and definitely has a commanding presence in the island. It still functions as a lighthouse. Standing 50 feet above sea level on a cliff, hard rock’s surround it and protect it from the churning waves. The premises of the lighthouse are spotless and clean and a very well laid our gardens embellish the tower.
There are only four international lighthouses in Sri Lanka today, one being the Beruwala Lighthouse. All ships and boats going to the Maldives have to pass the Beruwala lighthouse which is one of their most important functions.